LEISHMANIASIS (KALA-AZAR)

The information was compiled from various medical sources and in particular from “Parasitic Diseases of Animals and Humans”, by Prof S. Haralabidis, University Studio Press, Thessaloniki 2003. 
It was printed with a grant from GAWF – Greek Animal Welfare Fund - UK. The percentage of dogs infected each year in Greece with Leishmaniasis ranges from 0.2 to 48.7%, depending on the area.
1. What is canine Leishmaniasis?
Leishmaniasis (also known as Kala-azar and Dum Dum fever) is a dangerous disease 
in which parasites live in the liver, spleen and marrow and reproduce rapidly. 
Ninety percent of cases also show cutaneous skin involvement. 
Complications set in when the immune system begins to break down. Without treatment, 
the parasitic infection results in death within two years of the dog becoming infected.
2. How is it spread?
3. How can you tell if a dog has the disease?
4. Are all dogs vulnerable to the disease?
5. What are the symptoms?
6. Is there any treatment?
7. Can humans get Leishmaniasis?
8. What is the treatment for humans?
9. What can you do to prevent your dog from getting the disease?
Always Remember: Prevention is the Βest Treatment

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